How Hair Transplant Works?
How Hair Transplant Works? Today, hair loss is not only a problem for men. Hair loss is also a problem in women. The average life span of a hair strand is 4-5 years, and a healthy person has approximately 100-120 thousand hair strands. It is normal to lose 100-150 hair strands daily. If you have more hair loss than this number, you can get information from our clinic for hair transplantation. If your hair loss continues for 2-3 months, you should consult a doctor. Otherwise, you may lose all your hair. In this article, we will explain how hair transplant works.
Causes of Hair Loss
There are many reasons for hair loss. These reasons should be stated as follows; If you ignore the things that cause hair loss after hair transplantation, your hair will fall out again. The medications you use cause hair loss. For example, weight loss pills, drugs used in diabetes and birth control pills cause hair loss. Today, the most significant factor that causes hair loss is stress. The most important thing for the health of your hair is to avoid stress. Try to avoid stressful situations as much as possible. Genetic factors can cause hair loss. Especially in men, hair loss due to genetic factors is more, because thanks to the male hormone, hormones work more.
Irregular nutrition is a different cause of hair loss. You cannot get enough vitamins by eating wrong, and your hair follicles start to fall out in vitamin deficiency. After hair transplant treatments, you should be very careful about your vitamins; otherwise, your hair may fall out again.
Hair analysis before hair transplantation
Hair analysis determines the cause, type and level of hair loss. You can have a hair analysis done in our clinic. Hair analysis is usually done by physical examination. For example, a physical examination is sufficient to detect androgenetic alopecia without the need for a diagnostic test. In some cases, it can be used in different analyzes in hair analysis. For example, there are devices that you can see 100 times closer to the scalp and hair strands. Hair analysis should be done before hair transplantation.
Hair shaving in hair transplantation
After the necessary analyzes are made, plans are made for the operation. And as a result of these planning, the hair transplant technique to be used is decided. Then the scalp is shaved. During the shaving process, the hair is shortened approximately 0.2-0.3 mm in size. The reason for this is to enable the doctor to perform the operation more efficiently and to ensure that the hair follicles taken from the donor area can be seen and removed more easily.
Local Anesthesia in Hair Transplantation
Local anesthesia is used in hair transplant operations. Local anesthesia is applied to the area where the hair follicles will be collected, and the area where the collected hair will be transplanted. Before applying local anesthesia, the entire head area should be disinfected.
Local anesthesia, which is applied to make hair transplantation painless, only numbs the nerve endings in the area to be transplanted. Thus, the patient has a painless and painless operation.
Local anesthesia loses its effect within 20-25 minutes, depending on the person. During hair transplantation, the patient can listen to music, watch TV and read newspapers/magazines. If the person has a phobia of needles or fear of surgery, sedation (sleep gas) can be used in hair transplantation operations. Sedation is taken into the body through a vein. Thus, the person does not feel the needles made for local anesthesia after sedation is applied.
Collection of grafts in hair transplantation
After local anesthesia, the grafts are collected, which is the primary stage of hair transplantation. For the grafts to be removed more quickly, the saline liquid is injected into the skin on the scalp. Thanks to this liquid, the scalp swells and the grafts are easily collected from the scalp.
After the extraction process is completed, the hair follicles cleaned from the tissues are kept until the channel opening process. Since the grafts are kept outside, they must stay alive. For this reason, the grafts are placed in a specially prepared glass container called a petri dish and kept in a cold environment.
Opening channels in hair transplantation
A channel is opened for the placement of the grafts. One of the essential steps for a successful hair transplant is the opening of the channels. The holes drilled in the channel opening process must be at the same angle, depth and direction with the collected hair follicles. While the canals are opened, the operating doctor uses techniques such as sagittal, lateral and percutaneous. And while applying these techniques, it also uses tools that are specially designed according to the size of the hair follicle.
The channel opening process takes 3-4 hours on average. This time varies from person to person because not all hair loss and hair types are the same. When the channels are opened, the front hair should be determined in direct proportion to the detail line.
Planting hair follicles
The last stage of hair transplant surgery is to transplant the hair follicles into the opened channels. At this stage, the doctor must be compassionate and very careful. Because a mistake to be made can cause significant problems and can repeat the hair transplant surgery.
In the transplantation of hair follicles, single grafts are usually placed in front to provide a natural appearance. Double and multiple grafts are placed on the back of the hair. The area where hair transplantation will be performed must be sterilized. If hair transplantation is performed in an unsterilized environment, the patient may become infected.
After the hair transplant, you should not touch your hair much for 4-5 days because you can damage your newly transplanted hair follicles and kill them.
And an essential thing in hair transplantation is hair care after hair transplantation. Be sure to follow the instructions given by your doctor. It is recommended not to wash your hair every day, ideally to wash your hair every two days and to use shampoos containing natural oils.